1. A liquid in which substances (orsolutes) are dissolved forming asolution.
2. In asolution, the solvent is the one that is usually present in greater amount than thesolute.
The most widely used solvent iswatersince it dissolves many substances; hence, it is regarded as the ‘universal solvent’.
Word origin: French, from Latinsolvēns, present participle ofsolvere, to loosen.
Related forms: solvency (noun), solvently (adverb).